BOOK AND SOFTWARE REVIEWS
Cravens, Jesse & Burtoft, Jeff. HTML5 hacks.. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly, 2013. xv, 481,  p. ISBN 978-1-449-33499-4. £26.99/$34.99
Although html5 is not yet confirmed as the new standard, the books on the subject continue to flood out, no doubt making for lucrative new editions when the all have to be revised in the event of the final confirmation. The term 'hacks' is used here simply to signify useful ways of using html5, bringing to light specific features of the standard that you may overlook in learning how to use it. Although this page uses xhtml, in general the journal now uses html5 and the transition from xhtml seems to have gone quite smoothly. Indeed, my impression (without any data to support it) is that the html5 template for papers is easier to use than the former xhtml.
There are ninety 'hacks', or tips and tricks, in the book and, of course, not all of them will be relevant to every user of html5. If you do not want to make extensive use of graphics, for example, you will ignore Chapter 4, while if you are really interested in user activity with your site, Chapter 5 will be essential reading. In other words, this is not a text to be read from beginning to end, but a reference book to draw upon to help you with specific problems and to show you how to implement your ideas.
Curiuously, Chapter 1 is headed, Hacking the semantic way, but there is no consideration of html5's so-called 'semantic' tags. This is just as well, since there are no semantic tags in html5. Where the idea came from to call certain tags, such as <article> and <section> or <figure> is puzzling. These tags simple define the kind of information within them, like <figure> or they serve to split the page into elements, such as <section>. None of the new tags gives any information about the meaning of the content between the tags. When <figure> is used, we have no idea what kind of figure is being used or what its intended meaning might be. Perhaps the answer lies in the reply I got from a member of the html5 development team when I raised this issue on a mailing list: his response was that he didn't see any difference between the type of information and the meaning of the information. When one is arguing with ignorance of that order, progress is difficult!
HTML5 is continuing to develop and, as the authors note, it is not a single standard, but embodies a number of standards, all of which are progressing at different rates. However, until the standard is confirmed, this collection of tips and tricks will serve the Website developer very well.