Information Research, Vol. 10 No. 1, 2004
This study considered the information needs of nurses and their attributions for uncertainty. The method used was participant observation of three groups of nurse specialists from multiple health care providers who met over time to construct evidence-based consensus recommendations for practice.
Participants were uncertain about the best course of action in about 50% of the clinical issues discussed. Different types of uncertainty were observed:
Triggers to the expression of uncertainty and information need were pragmatic: the presence of a problem in practice and evidence for a workable solution. Information need was complex, and included contextual features relating to the patient, treatment process, treatment type and desired outcome. Participants attributed their uncertainty to a lack of evidence (86%), different interpretations of the same evidence (53%), or disagreement with the evidence (27%).
Most of the literature relating to the information behaviour of nurses relates to their expressed information need and information searching behaviour. This is likely to be only a small fraction of the uncertainty within clinical practice. The occurrence of hidden and unrecognised uncertainty suggests that there are areas of clinical practice where helping to recognise and articulate information need may stimulate further interest in evidence-based practice.